The Power Mac 4400 (7220 in Australia) was Apple’s attempt to build an inexpensive Mac using more industry standard components, such as a chunky PC-like case. It was also available in a PC Compatible system with a 166 MHz DOS card with a 133 MHz Cyrix PR166+ 6×86 CPU (80486 class) and 16 MB RAM.
At first glance, you might think we flopped the photo of the 4400, but that’s not the case. This is the only Power Mac with its floppy drive on the left side.
The 4400 was Apple’s only computer designed around a modified Tanzania motherboard. The 4400 and other Tanzania-based clones will not boot with a dead PRAM battery. Try replacing the battery before attempting to replace the power supply on a “dead” 4400.
Overall, we have to label this one a compromised Mac.
Note that there are some significant differences between the 160 MHz and 200 MHz models in terms of memory capacity and expansion slots.
- Got a PCI Power Mac? Join our PCI PowerMacs Group.
- Our Mac OS 9 Group is for anyone using Mac OS 9, either natively or in Classic Mode.
- 160 MHz model introduced 1996.11.07, discontinued 1998.02
- 200 MHz model introduced 1997.02.17, discontinued 1998.02
- DOS compatible model introduced 1997.04.04, discontinued 1998.02
- code names: Cupid, Tanzania
- Model identifier: 514 (160 MHz), 515 (200 MHz)
- requires System 7.5.3 (with System Enabler 827) through 9.1, excluding 7.5.5
- CPU: 160 MHz or 200 MHz PPC 603e
- L2 cache: 256 KB (optional on 4400/160)
- Bus: 40 MHz
- Performance: 81,744 (200 MHz) Whetstones
- ROM: 4 MB
- RAM: 32 MB, expandable to 96 MB (160 MHz version) or 160 MB (200 MHz model) using 3.3V unbuffered 60ns EDO RAM (three DIMM sockets, each supports an 8, 16, or 32 MB SIMM; 64 MB DIMMs supported only in 200 MHz model; slot 1 supports only single-bank DIMMs)
- Graphics, 4 MB max: 24-bit to 1024 x 768, 16-bit to 1280 x 1024
- VRAM: 1 MB in 4400/160, 2 MB in 4400/200
- Video, std, 4400/160: 16-bit to 832 x 624, 8-bit to 1152-870
- Video, std, 4400/200: 24-bit to 800 x 600, 16-bit to 1152 x 870, 8-bit to 1280 x 1024
- Hard drive: 1.2 GB IDE in 4400/160, 2 GB IDE in 4400/200
- Optical drive: 8x CD-Rom (12x in DOS Compatible model)
- ADB: 1 port for keyboard and mouse
- serial: 2 DIN-8 RS-422 ports on back of computer
- SCSI: DB-25 connector on back of computer
- Ethernet: standard on 200 MHz model, but not on 160 MHz version
- PCI slots: 12″ slots, three in 160 MHz, two plus Comm Slot II in 200 MHz
- Power supply: 150W
- Dimensions: 5.43″ x 15.12″ x 17.37″
- Weight: 24 lb.
Accelerators & Upgrades
- Guide to G3 Accelerators for Level 2 Cache Slot
- Vimage at one time announced a G3 upgrade for the 4400
- Farallon 10/100 Comm Slot II ethernet card
- Low End Mac’s GeoPort Guide, Tommy Yune, 2018.03.21
- Low End Mac’s Compleat Guide to Mac OS 9, Charles W Moore, Miscellaneous Ramblings, 2008.05.12. Mac OS 9 remains fast and stable, but Classic software hasn’t kept up with the changing internet. Which Macs support OS 9, where to buy it, and how to update to 9.2.2.
- What Makes a Mac a Mac?, Thomas Brand, 512 Pixels. 2016.07.25. The Power Mac 4400 “was a piece of junk.”
- PC Card FAQ. Includes data, tips, and compatibility information on Apple’s PCI DOS/PC cards plus links to software. Last updated 2008.11.20.
- The 4400, Eric Schwarz, SchwarzTech, 2005.06.21.
- Environmentally Responsible Retirement for Old Macs, Rick Lawson, Pioneers in Mac Development, 2008.06.13. After you’ve scavenged what useful parts you can from your old Mac, what’s the most environmentally friendly way to dispose of the rest?
- Know Your Mac’s Upgrade Options, Phil Herlihy, The Usefulness Equation, 2008.08.26. Any Mac can be upgraded, but it’s a question of what can be upgraded – RAM, hard drive, video, CPU – and how far it can be upgraded.
- Low End Mac’s Comm Slot FAQ, Tommy Yune, 2018.03.20
- Why You Should Partition Your Mac’s Hard Drive, Dan Knight, Mac Musings, 2008.12.11. “At the very least, it makes sense to have a second partition with a bootable version of the Mac OS, so if you have problems with your work partition, you can boot from the ’emergency’ partition to run Disk Utility and other diagnostics.”
- Attractive and ugly Macs, discontinued MacBook Pro value, and writing with TextEdit, Charles W Moore, Miscellaneous Ramblings, 2008.10.30. Readers weigh in on the good, the bad, and the ugly of Macintosh design over the past 24 years.
- Creating Classic Mac Boot Floppies in OS X, Paul Brierley, The ‘Book Beat, 2008.08.07. Yes, it is possible to create a boot floppy for the Classic Mac OS using an OS X Mac that doesn’t have Classic. Here’s how.
- The Compressed Air Keyboard Repair, Charles W Moore, Miscellaneous Ramblings, 2008.07.24. If your keyboard isn’t working as well as it once did, blasting under the keys with compressed air may be the cure.
- Better and Safer Surfing with Internet Explorer and the Classic Mac OS, Max Wallgren, Mac Daniel, 2007.11.06. Tips on which browsers work best with different Mac OS versions plus extra software to clean cookies and caches, detect viruses, handle downloads, etc.
- Hacking Mac OS 7.6.1 so many Mac OS 8 apps will run, Max Wallgren, Mac Daniel, 2007.10.30. With a little ResEdit work and a second copy of your System Folder, you can run a lot of OS 8 apps with Mac OS 7.6.1.
- Interchangeabilty and Compatibility of Apple 1.4 MB Floppy SuperDrives, Sonic Purity, Mac Daniel, 2007.09.26. Apple used two kinds of high-density floppy drives on Macs, auto-inject and manual inject. Can they be swapped?
- Appearance Manager Allows Internet Explorer 5.1.7 to Work with Mac OS 7.6.1, Max Wallgren, Mac Daniel, 2007.05.23. Want a fairly modern browser with an old, fast operating system? Mac OS 7.6.1 plus the Appearance Manager and Internet Explorer may be just what you want.
- Format Any Drive for Older Macs with Patched Apple Tools, Tyler Sable, Classic Restorations, 2007.04.25. Apple HD SC Setup and Drive Setup only work with Apple branded hard drives – until you apply the patches linked to this article.
- System 7 Today, advocates of Apple’s ‘orphan’ Mac OS 7.6.1, Tommy Thomas, Welcome to Macintosh, 2006.10.26. Why Mac OS 7.6.1 is far better for 68040 and PowerPC Macs than System 7.5.x.
- Mac OS 8 and 8.1: Maximum Size, Maximum Convenience, Tyler Sable, Classic Restorations, 2006.09.11. Mac OS 8 and 8.1 add some useful new features and tools, and it can even be practical on 68030-based Macs.
- Installing Linux on a PCI Power Mac, Part 1, Larry Stotler, Linux on the Low End, 2006.09.05. Preparing your PCI Power Mac (or clone) for Linux and getting openSUSE Linux installed.
- Preparing your Mac’s hard drive for Linux, Larry Stotler, Linux on the Low End, 2006.08.09. Before you install Linux, you have to partition your hard drive. A look at three different hard drive strategies for Mac Linux.
- Customizing Mac OS 9, Nathan Thompson, Embracing Obsolescence, 2006.08.01. Fiddling with themes, picking a browser, and making the Classic Mac OS work just the way you want it to.
- The ins and outs of booting Linux on the Mac, Larry Stotler, Linux on the Low End, 2006.07.31. “Old World” Macs can’t boot directly into Linux. They need to boot the Classic Mac OS first, then pass control over to Linux.
- Preparing your PCI Power Mac for Linux, Larry Stotler, Linux on the Low End, 2006.07.26. How powerful a CPU do you need? How much memory? Do you need a faster drive controller? Are some video cards better than others?
- Floppy drive observations: A compleat guide to Mac floppy drives and disk formats, Scott Baret, Online Tech Journal, 2006.06.29. A history of the Mac floppy from the 400K drive in the Mac 128K through the manual-inject 1.4M SuperDrives used in the late 1990s.
- ATI Radeon 7000 Driver for Mac OS 7.6.1, System 7 Today, 2006.05.29. ATI’s installers don’t support System 7.6.1, but System 7 Today’s does, making this the fastest video card to work with Mac OS 7.6.1
- Getting the Mac digital jukebox up and running, Nathan Thompson, Embracing Obsolescence, 2006.05.08. Connecting your PowerPC Mac to your rstereo and remote control options for running a headless digital audio jukebox.
- System 7.6.1 is perfect for many older Macs, John Martorana, That Old Mac Magic, 2006.03.24. Want the best speed from your old Mac? System 7.6.1 can give you that with a fairly small memory footprint – also helpful on older Macs.
- System 7.5 and Mac OS 7.6: The beginning and end of an era, Tyler Sable, Classic Restorations, 2006.02.15. System 7.5 and Mac OS 7.6 introduced many new features and greater modernity while staying within reach of most early Macintosh models.
- Web browser tips for the classic Mac OS, Nathan Thompson, Embracing Obsolescence, 2006.01.03. Tips on getting the most out of WaMCom, Mozilla, Internet Explorer, iCab, Opera, and WannaBe using the classic Mac OS.
- The best browsers for PowerPC Macs and the classic Mac OS, Nathan Thompson, Embracing Obsolescence, 2005.12.16. Two browsers stand out from the pack: iCab 3 is modern and remains under development, and WaMCom brings Mozilla to older Macs.
- Why you should use Mac OS 7.6 to get the most out of vintage Macs, Thomas Ahart, The Productive Mac, 2005.12.12. Although you may be able to run OS 8 or 9 on your old Mac, you’ll generally find better performance using Mac OS 7.6.
- The 4400, Eric Schwarz, SchwarzTech, 2005.06.21. “Fortunately, this machine that was more of an experiment into the business market didn’t last long enough for many to remember.”
- Sonata SD, Sonnet Tech, 2004.06.01. First new PCI video card for the Mac in ages sells for just US$99, supports OS 7.5.3 and later plus OS X 10.1.5 and later, works with VGA or old Mac monitors, 16 MB VRAM.
- The 10 worst Macs ever built, Remy Davison, Insanely Great Mac, 2001.08.06
- Review: Sonnet Tempo Ultra ATA66 Macintosh PCI Host Adapter, Dan Knight, 2000.07.28. The most economical way to put IDE support in a PCI Power Mac.
- Apple TIL 30720: Power Mac 4400 update 1.0
- AppleSpec: 4400/160, 4400/200, 4400/200 PC Compatible.
- Apple at one time released a patch for OS 8.1 specifically for the Power Mac 4400, 7220, Motorola StarMax, and Umax Aegis (an Asia-only model). It fixes problems with the HFS+ driver (which loads even when HFS+ volumes are not present) and the ATA Manager, which may result in your mouse click not registering or problems switching from a PC card. Read me and download.
- Will not work with System 7.5.5
- DIMM slot 1 supports only single-bank DIMMs.
- Macs with IDE hard drive do not provide SCSI termination power, depending on external SCSI devices to provide it. For more details, see SCSI Termination Power.
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